This deliverable summarizes the on-going activities of Work Package 4 of the Sustainable Energy Solutions Africa (SESA) project (European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation framework programme under Grant Agreement No. 101037141).
The SESA project involves a modular living lab demonstration action in Kenya, 4 validation demonstration projects in Morocco, Ghana, Malawi, and South Africa, and 4 replication demonstration projects in Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Nigeria. This report comprises Five demonstration Implementation Plans (for Kenya, Morocco, Ghana, Malawi and South Africa) and set up of the regional platform to satisfy deliverable 4.1.
The five implementation plans and the regional platform set up have been collated in this one report. The SESA project draws upon thematic experts from Europe and Africa from relevant fields of application to provide insights and guidance to the support co-development of the living labs. The implementation plans describe the context, need and implementation activities innovative energy solutions activities across the identified thematic areas in the different living lab locations. The identified thematic areas include:
(1) Solar energy: Kenya (test), Ghana (validation), South Africa (validation), Morocco (validation), Namibia (replication), Tanzania (replication), Nigeria (replication), Rwanda (replication).
(2) Clean cooking/ Waste to energy (Biogas for cooking): Ghana (validation), Malawi (validation), Rwanda (replication).
(3) Second life EV (Li-ion batteries) batteries: Kenya (test), South Africa (validation), Morocco (validation).
The experts involved in the development of the implementation plans will share their specific expertise and experience and provide technical advice related to feasibility, costs and benefits, and monitoring for good performance over the project lifetime. Experts will also support replicability of innovative measures. The direct involvement of international networks and initiatives will ensure a high level of visibility and replication of the innovations tested in this project.
The implementation plans have been developed to meet both environmental and social sustainability needs of their context, typically in both an urban and a rural demonstration. A brief summary of the demonstration actions follows:
Kenya: The demonstration implementation activities will be carried out at two project sites, Kisegi, a rural village in Homa Bay county, and Katito a peri-urban community in Kisumu County. Both demonstrations are solar charging hubs that houses PV modules, central Li-ion battery storage, and balance-of-system (BoS) to increase energy accessibility for a range of electrical needs within the local community.
Morocco: The demonstration implementation activities will be carried out in urban location in Marrakech and low socioeconomic rural region currently without access to grid electricity. The urban demonstrator will make 40 electric motorcycles available for use by female students. The rural demonstrator will install 10 mini grids with Li-ion battery storage for use by families in remote and energy impoverished locations.
Ghana: The demonstration implementation activities are located in the Ga North Municipal district, which is an urban settlement, and Atwima Nwabiagya Municipal Assembly, which is a rural community. The innovation tested is biogas cooking systems to improve the knowledge, skills, trust and capacity of stakeholders in the design, construction, operation and maintenance of this clean, cheap cooking technology. Fuel will be sourced from waste feedstocks.
Malawi: The living lab is located in Mchinji district, Traditional Authority Mawvere. It will provide affordable and reliable energy in one of the most energy impoverished parts of Africa where only 13.4% of the population are connected to the national electrical grid. The innovation implementation activities will involve a portable cooker, which will be fueled from compressed briquets of residual agricultural byproducts. The design will both reduce smoke emissions and provide by beneficial bio char as a waste byproduct for use in agriculture.
South Africa: The demonstration implementation activities are located in the Eastern Cape township of Alicedale and the semi-rural area KwaNonzwakazi on the outskirts of Alicedale. The demonstration innovation will include electric vehicle batteries and stationary storage applications, the demonstration will include the provision of infospots for Internet access. The off-grid community energy hubs will support a range of local community activities.
Demonstration implementation plans provide further details for all above-mentioned living labs. These plans were formulated based on identified needs from WP1, preliminary technical specifications and business models from WP3. The plans outline the concrete steps within the demonstration phase, including the impact assessments (WP1), links to the capacity development (WP2) and the adaptation of the business models (WP3).
The demonstration activities funded by Smart Energy Solutions for Africa (SESA) include the identification of services, charging and vehicle providers and models for cost reimbursement and sharing. For the demonstration actions funded through other sources, potential funding partners will be identified and steps towards implementation will be identified in Task 4.3. To support co-development of solutions, capacity building, funding and financing (SESA, WP2, 4, 5) regional platforms are set up.
Regional platforms will help organize regional teams and support partners coordinate with other relevant regional projects to maximize the potential for take-up and replication of the energy innovations tested in this project. The SESA regional platform set up is also described in this document.
The implementation plans presented in this document report on the status of the demonstration implementation as of May 31 2022. The implementation plans are ‘living documents’ and will be regularly updated during the project lifetime. In three months’ time, Task 4-2: Co-develop demonstration actions, will build upon this document as the living labs continue to evolve over the SESA project life.