D1.1 Toolbox for efficient and sustainable energy use
The scalable and harmonised toolbox will be the key living repository of the project collecting the main outcomes and results produced by the SESA project across the different WPs. The toolbox launch is intended to build a structure of regular iterative updates from various Work Packages through the course of the project.
SESA – Smart Energy Solutions for Africa is a collaborative project between the European Union and nine African countries that aims at providing innovative energy solutions using decentralised renewables.
This report describes the energy efficient toolbox that has been developed in work package 1 of the SESA project and is continuously updated. Although the toolbox falls in the work package 1, it is intrinsically linked to many activities that are undertaken by all partners within other work packages and are expected to provide valuable insights, tools and other relevant output. Content developed in other work packages will be included (or adapted) to be made available in the Toolbox.
The Toolbox is envisioned to be a legacy outcome of the SESA project that can support the development of energy efficient solutions beyond the scope of the project.
This report explains the process that has been put in place to manage and monitor the identification and development progress of content for the Toolbox as well as the design and functionalities of the Toolbox itself. The process aims to minimize complexity, such as the need for all partners to have a sufficient level of technical knowledge of WordPress, while still taking into consideration the need to have checks in place regarding quality, completeness, GDPR and/or sensitive data etc. It allows for all work packages and partners to be involved in (or informed about) the development of content and helps as an additional trigger to identify new and valuable content for the Toolbox. The description of the design and functionalities of the Toolbox ensures the project also has documentation of its more technical details.
Finally, the report also includes a section which provides a summary overview of the content published in the Toolbox for each ‘update’ moment, which take place in months 12, 18 and 40 of the project’s lifespan, as defined in the Grant Agreement for the SESA project.
D2.1 SESA Capacity Building Plan
The aim of the plan is to provide an overview of the capacity building programme. It will be a single document resulting from the capacity and skills needs assessment on energy use in partner cities with all relevant stakeholders presenting a sound and tailored learning plan. The capacity plan will outline the learning topics/themes, the sequence, location and timing of training, capacity and skills building activities; the implementation of which will result capacity building, city-to-city cooperation and professional development
The Capacity Building Plan, developed through Smart Energy Solutions For Africa (SESA) project, intends to assist the SESA project and its partners and the local communities engaged to strategically identify capacity and skills development topics, methods and tools to support a further uptake of sustainable energy use in selected urban and rural areas in Africa known as “Living Laboratories” (“Living Labs” in short). The project Living labs are real-life test beds for innovative energy solutions, which will enable the project to experiment in different environments. The urban and rural areas under discussion are as follows: Kisumu and Homabay, Kenya (Demonstration Living Lab); Ga North Municipal Assembly and Atwima Nwabiagya, Ghana (Validation Living Lab); Alicedale, South Africa (Validation Living lab); Rural areas, Malawi (Validation Living Lab) and lastly, Marrakech, Morocco (Validation Living lab).
The Capacity Building Plan is informed by comprehensive capacity and skills needs assessments on energy use undertaken in five Living Lab countries mentioned above. The needs assessments for Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Morocco and South Africa will use qualitative research methods to 1) Assess the present capacity of local innovators and authorities on Sustainable Energy Development 2) Understanding the future capacity (desired state) based on the city’s vision for the Sustainable Energy Use, 3) Identifying gaps between present capacity and future desired skills, and 4) Selecting tools and training modules to fill these gaps.
This Capacity Building Plan consists of five chapters. Chapter 1 presents an overview of the Capacity Building Plan and its position. Chapter 2 describes the methodology used to develop the capacity needs and assessment and therefore the Capacity Building Plan, including the research methods, ethical consideration and limitations. This is followed by the capacity and skills needs assessments for Kenya, Malawi, Ghana, Morocco and South Africa in Chapter 3. The capacity and skills needs assessments for each country in Chapter 3 details the following: an overview of the country context and background; SESA’s Living Lab project sites in the country; The countries energy governance structure; the various policies, plans and strategies that are relevant to the country’s energy landscape; the present capacity of local innovators and authorities on sustainable energy development; the future capacity (desired state) based on the Living Lab’s city vision for the sustainable energy use; the gaps between present capacity and future desired skills identified; and the relevant tools and training modules to fill the gaps. Chapter 4. outlines the next steps to be undertaken for the Capacity Building Plan as well as the timelines for these steps. The concluding remarks together with some recommendation are provided in Chapter 5.
D1.5 Data storage repository
This deliverable report will describe the repository for managing and storing digital data for WP1 throughout the project. It will describe the key data management principles, notably in terms of data standards and metadata, sharing, archiving and preservation – activities within T1.3.
SESA – Smart Energy Solutions for Africa is a collaborative project between the European Union and nine African countries that aims at providing innovative energy solutions using decentralized renewables. This Data storage Repository Plan (DRP) report describes the approach for its repository environment based on how the data flows in relation to the development of the SESA Toolbox and the Evaluation Framework. This relates to WP1 itself as well as the data generated and used for activities in other WPs, both for the creation of content for the Toolbox and the Evaluation Framework’s various analysis and assessments about the energy solutions that are demonstrated, validated and replicated.
This repository environment is not meant to function as an open-science database and access is therefore intended to remain internal to SESA partners. Data intended to be made publicly available may flow through this environment before it will be shared via SESA’s publicly accessible dissemination channels and activities.
At the time of publication of this report the exact data stored in this repository environment is not yet defined. However, we can expect this data to be both quantitative and qualitative in nature and can contain raw, processed and (developed from this) output data. Additionally, the data could potentially be structured, semi-structured or even unstructured. Data can also vary in their levels of sensitivity. Data stored in this repository environment will be labelled with a sensitivity-indicator to ensure access permissions can be arranged accordingly. This means the more sensitive the data stored in the repository environment, the better access and security requirements will need to be for the selected platform. In addition to access and security, seven other ‘requirements categories’ were used for the selection process of the relevant repository platform.
There are three main but different data flows identified for the Data storage Repository environment. The conclusion is these are best served by three separate repositories. From a long-list of available platforms, the best candidates were identified based on the ‘requirements categories’ and a platform suggestion ensued. Final decisions are to be confirmed by the Project’s Steering Group. Implementation will follow once information is available of certain outstanding questions as well as more detailed insights for the process of data collection.
D4.1 Five demonstration implementation plans
For all partner cities or counties, demonstration implementation plans (at least 5) will be developed (Task 4.1). By bringing together the knowledge gained in WP1, WP3 and linking to the activities planned in WP2, the plans will outline concrete steps for the demonstration phase helping to set the base for a successful implementation. The plans will include 1 modular living lab demonstration plan in Kenya, and 4 validation demonstration plans in Morocco, Ghana, Malawi and South Africa.
This deliverable summarizes the on-going activities of Work Package 4 of the Sustainable Energy Solutions Africa (SESA) project (European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation framework programme under Grant Agreement No. 101037141). The SESA project involves a modular living lab demonstration action in Kenya, 4 validation demonstration projects in Morocco, Ghana, Malawi, and South Africa, and 4 replication demonstration projects in Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Nigeria.
This report comprises Five demonstration Implementation Plans (for Kenya, Morocco, Ghana, Malawi and South Africa) and set up of the regional platform to satisfy deliverable 4.1. The five implementation plans and the regional platform set up have been collated in this one report.
The SESA project draws upon thematic experts from Europe and Africa from relevant fields of application to provide insights and guidance to the support co-development of the living labs. The implementation plans describe the context, need and implementation activities innovative energy solutions activities across the identified thematic areas in the different living lab locations. The identified thematic areas include:
- Solar energy: Kenya (test), Ghana (validation), South Africa (validation), Morocco (validation), Namibia (replication), Tanzania (replication), Nigeria (replication), Rwanda (replication).
- Clean cooking/ Waste to energy (Biogas for cooking): Ghana (validation), Malawi (validation), Rwanda (replication).
- Second life EV (Li-ion batteries) batteries: Kenya (test), South Africa (validation), Morocco (validation).
D6.1 Dissemination, exploitation and replication strategy and updates
A sound and coherent strategy will be delivered to ensure an effective outreach, exploitation, dissemination and communication of the project and its wide impact. The document will include information about the visual identity of the project considering also the country specificities, identifies relevant channels and set an appropriate timeline that will also secure the engagement of all project partners and their networks. The document will be further updated to include the inputs received and adjust the strategy as needed to guarantee its success.
This document sets out the communication, dissemination and exploitation strategy for SESA. The strategy identifies opportunities for public outreach and engagement throughout the project and plans appropriate activities related to the different work packages of the project. This is a dynamic document that will be updated on a regular basis to respond to new developments and opportunities during the implementation process of the project.
This document is structured as follows:
- Chapter 2 presents the communication and marketing methodology adopted by the project to ensure it attracts, engages with and retains SESA audiences (national and local governments, industry, SMEs and startups, energy providers and energy authorities, financing institutions, research and innovation community and civil society). It provides the tools to support all partners in promoting the SESA project, engaging stakeholders and disseminating the results.
- Chapter 3 offers an overview of target audiences, tools, channels, and activities. SESA channel mix is introduced, consisting of a dynamic newsroom section and social media content, influencer/ PR outreach, as well as in-person marketing.
- Chapter 4 presents the communication channels, tools and activities.
- Chapter 5 outlines the communication plan, the project partners’ responsibilities, and overall delivery timeline.
- Chapter 6 addresses SESA exploitation strategy
D7.4 Risk analysis and risk management plan
This document will present a detailed risk management plan acknowledging the probability of occurrence of identified risks or the emergence of new one establishing avoidance and mitigation actions. The plan, periodically reassessed and discussed with the Steering Group, will include an adequate measurement method of progress (risk indicators) as well as the “acceptability level” of each risk. The risks analysis will be based on the traditional “level of impact x probability of occurrence” approaches (scale 1-5).
This deliverable describes the SESA project’s approach to mitigating foreseen and unforeseen risks that may hinder the smooth implementation of project actions and stifle the delivery of objectives. The SESA project involves a modular living lab demonstration action in Kenya, 4 validation demonstration projects in Morocco, Ghana, Malawi, and South Africa, and 4 replication demonstration projects in Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Nigeria.
Taking into account the level of innovations in the demonstration actions as well as the high number of partners involved in the implementation activities, the project and its partners acknowledge the possibility of some uncertain events or situations from within and outside the project posing threats to the smooth implementation of actions which could eventually negatively affect project aims.
The project consortium therefore sees it quite important to set up a continuous risk management process in order to follow the probability of occurrence of any identified uncertainties or risks and ascertain their level of impacts so as to design appropriate mitigation measures. This document therefore presents the roles and responsibilities of project partners for risk management, the risk management procedure which includes risk identification, risk analysis, response planning, and risk monitoring and controlling.
The document also provides an initial list of potential risks foreseen and offers mitigation measures to be performed and monitored throughout the project. It is noteworthy that the risk management process in the SESA project will be continuously carried out throughout the project such that at any given stage of the project where a potential event, situation or condition, for that matter any risk, could negatively affect project success, the necessary action would be taken to avoid or minimise any such effects that may arise.
D7.5 Data Management Plan
A Data Management Plan will be a living document that will present the status of the project’s reflections on data management. Purpose of the document is to provide detailed information on the informed consent procedures that will be implemented regarding the collection, storage and protection of personal data that might be collected in the activities of stakeholder engagement throughout the project. The Plan will take into consideration the different methods used and purposes used for data collection and provide partners to ensure the legal compliance.
This document (deliverable D7.5) describes the SESA project Data Management Plan (DMP), which outlines how data will be handled during the project lifetime. The data collection, sharing and storing process is described in this document, following a methodology aligned with the H2020 guidelines on data management. The document describes how collected data will be managed in the demonstration projects. Data security and personal data protection security are outlined in this deliverable. The deliverable also touches on how data generated in this project will comply with the FAIR approach (findable, accessible, interoperable, re-usable). In addition to this deliverable, more details on the data gathering will be included in other relevant documents to be prepared by the project.
Futuring from an indigenous community stance: projecting temporal duality from the past into the future
This paper presents the first instance and experience of futuring with a rural San community from the Kalahari desert in Donkerbos, Namibia. Over a series of sessions we explore divergent speculative design and design fiction methods to stimulate and invoke alternative green energy use cases. These alternatives are premised on the imagination of unorthodox green energy use, superseding interventionist energy use which is constantly propagated and mainstream. We showcase the application of speculative design and design fiction in challenging the dominant interventionist approach and singular temporal view, resulting in a dissentient dual temporality. As well as demonstrate its utility and inadequacies in transitioning an African rural indigenous community into the speculative, arguing for the appropriation and widening of futuring methods in an African context.
Ancestral and Cultural Futuring: Speculative Design in an Indigenous ovaHimba context
This paper presents the first instance and experience of futuring in two indigenous ovaHimba communities in northwest Namibia. Over a series of sessions, we, as part of a broad green energy access project, explore futuring to stimulate and invoke alternative green energy use cases. These alternatives are premised on the opposition of the dominant needs-based and interventionist approach and imagination of unorthodox green energy utilisation that supersedes mainstream, rudimentary and obvious energy use. We reflect on the application of futuring, particularly speculative design, in an indigenous context, highlighting the communities’ back-looking future perspective, and relevance and influence of ancestry and culture over the future. As well as accentuate the friction towards speculative design, arguing for its appropriation and alignment to a more grounded design approach. Moreover, we indicate the agency that it provides, allowing local participants to re-evaluate their values and practices and simultaneously determine the integration of technology into the future.